Overview of Canadian Immigration policy and Law
The value orientation of Canadian immigrants and an overview of the population
Canada is known to be a country of immigrants, and compared to Asian civilization, the North American continent is a group of outsiders built in modern reclamation.
Perhaps the only people in North America who are eligible to discriminate against outsiders are Aboriginal Indians, so many have Lang and found themselves in Canada to find a place to talk in comfort.
Canada's immigration history has also shown different value orientations at different times, such as the European revolution of 19th century and early 20th century, the economic contribution of immigrants before World War II, and the current value orientation of Canada's choice of immigrants is integrated economic, cultural and ideological integration.
At present, Canada includes the federal program and the Quebec project, and the provincial nomination project has a total of dozens of projects, the overall classification for the following three groups of people: international students-whether Canadian college or university or master's degree, after graduation choose to stay. And this type of population is also in Canada Life integration and happiness is relatively high people; Merchants-with a certain size of assets, willing to invest or participate in Canada, to engage in certain business activities. This type of population is the most cost-effective for immigrants, because one person invests, the whole family immigrants, the conditions are simple and clear and the processing process is relatively fast. Technical immigrants-This category is more difficult for ordinary Chinese because of the requirement of a certain category of professional skills, educational background and language skills. It is now up to the scoring system through the federal express Migration channel screening before entering the application process. The relative requirements are higher and the program is slightly more complex.
There are also programs considered through a humane compassionate perspective, such as conjugal reunification, reunion of parents and children, or refugees, which are not covered by our discussions for the time being. Specific questions can be discussed again.
Overview of Canada's Immigration legal framework
(i) The Constitution of the source of immigration law-specifically, when the power is divided between the Confederation and the provinces, the legislative power of immigration matters belongs to the Confederation, and even if the provinces have relevant supporting legislation, there must be no conflict with the confederation. So it is the federation that ultimately approves immigration matters and issues immigration status, and even in some provincial nominations, provincial nominations need to be reported to the federal final approval.
At the same time, Quebec has a separate legislative power of immigrants, and the Confederation is only responsible for examining whether there are any prohibited matters. The Charter of Freedom of power specifically protects everyone who comes to Canada with equal rights, so there will be some avenues of relief when immigrants are rejected. Statutory law: Immigration Refugee Protection Act and provisions on the citizens ' Bill and related administrative law case law
(ii) The competent department, the Canadian Immigration and Refugee Citizenship Agency (IRCC), is responsible for conducting the final immigration audit; The Immigration Refugee Board (IRB) is the immigration Related Rights Relief Department, the Subordinate Immigration branch, the Immigration Appeals branch, the Refugee Protection Branch, and the Refugee Appeals Branch. Some cases may enter the court system, or even the Federal Supreme Court. The Canadian Border Services Agency (CBSA) has a strong authority and is responsible for security checks for all immigrants and the right to refuse entry during security checks on tourist visas and immigration visas.
(iii) Intermediary management provisions there are three intermediaries in Canada that can handle immigration operations, one is a licensed immigration Adviser (Immigration consultant), the second is a lawyer, and the third is a legal adviser (paralegal, limited to the appearance of a Refugee Board hearing appeal). Of course, customers are also allowed to apply and handle immigration matters in person without intermediary.