Canada's medical and welfare system
Canada has the world's best social welfare system, its public health care system, family support, retirement pension, unemployment benefits, injury assistance, social benefits and so on are the best social welfare system, citizens and permanent residents can be said to be elderly, sick. One of the few things to do when you arrive in Canada is to apply for a social security number. This nine-digit number is an identity code that you can work with, pay taxes, use government services, and so on. Applying for bank accounts, telephone numbers and many other times also requires a social security number. The social security number should be applied to the Employment Centre (Employment Center) in the city where it is located. Most welfare programs are aimed at someone with special needs, and you have to meet the conditions of such people. Some benefits may be that you have to pay for the program before it is recognized. Some individuals and families may meet the application conditions for several benefit schemes at the same time. But separate applications are required.
A social security number must be available at the time of application. Canada has world-class medical facilities and services, and government health insurance includes all major medical coverage, which can be applied by all citizens and permanent residents. There are about 55,000 practicing doctors in Canada, which is equivalent to one out of every 520 people.
The government spends 52 billion Canadian dollars a year on health care, with an average of $1,800 in medical benefits per person. The whole people carry out public medical care, including all kinds of tests, examinations, surgeries and so on. General Outpatient Clinic does not have to pay, small illness medicine can be reimbursed by insurance company, all expenses of hospitalization for major illness are borne by the Government, including food and nursing. After landing in Canada, you are required to apply for a health insurance card, which is available in the provincial health office of the city where you live (provincial Ministry of Health Office), and the address can be found in the telephone thin provincial government column. Applications are required with a birth certificate, an immigrant visa (Record of Landing), a passport, and a proof of residence address. Each member of the family must apply separately. With the exception of British Columbia, Ontario and New Brunswick provinces, which require three months from the date of entry, health insurance in other areas may take effect immediately from the date of application.
Canada's social welfare system was founded at the beginning of the last century and became complete by the 70, and the public health care established in the 40 was the most important part of the social welfare system. The annual financial expenditure on health care is about 10% of GDP. The complete health care system, combined with a highly qualified team of practitioners, makes Canada's life expectancy as high as 79.5 years (72 years in China), with a neonatal mortality rate of 0.56% and the lowest in the world. The so-called concept of public fees is that apart from prescription drugs, the whole package, from outpatient to inpatient, including full care and catering during hospitalization, is all spent by the government. However, dentistry, beauty, physiotherapy and so on are not included in the scope of public fees. People over the age of 65 are free of charge even for prescription drugs. The level of care in Canada is “intensive care" in hospitals in mainland China, meaning that there is no family escort.
Patients ' families are also not allowed to stay in wards for more than 11 o'clock in the evening. The advantage of Canada's publicly funded health system is the universal access to non-differentiated medical services. Beggars and millionaires get exactly the same medical care. For example, some of China's top actresses go to private aristocratic hospitals to give birth, professional maternity wards, full care, a high degree of privacy, the group of Experts on 24-hour standby, the entire cost of tens of thousands. A Chinese immigrant can enjoy this level of service in Canada after landing on immigration paper. The downside of public health care in Canada is that it consumes a lot of government spending. Half of Ontario's government revenue is spent on health services. Second, there is a waste of medical resources, in the treatment of doctors do not consider the scheme from the point of view of value for money. The replacement of artificial joints, which is easily not used in China, is common in Canada.
Canada has a family doctor system in place. Usually the illness is first diagnosed by the family doctor, he knows the medical history and physical condition of your family members best, so the general minor illness can be handled very well. If special tests are required or are more difficult to deal with specialist diseases, the family doctor will help make an appointment with the hospital specialist and arrange a referral. In addition, the community also has a follow-up clinic walk-in Clinic, do not need to make an appointment to visit the door, generally will not wait a long time, but generally speaking such a clinic can only deal with ordinary minor diseases.
If you visit a large hospital without an appointment, you may be waiting longer. It is very convenient to see a doctor in Canada, each resident has a health card, with a card to seek medical treatment, without any cost. This card is common in the country, the difference is to go to different places to seek medical treatment is the first payment, and then to the province's medical insurance institutions reimbursement, and in the local doctor is not paid, the cost is the medical institutions and insurance institutions to settle their own. One thing to note about new immigrants is that health cards generally have a waiting period of three months. In other words, public medical care does not take effect until three months after landing. Because medical hospitalization in Canada is very expensive, appropriate commercial insurance should be purchased within these three months based on the physical condition of the family member. (pictured below is Ontario's resident health card)